Afghanistan is one amongst the poorest countries in the world. In Afghanistan, poverty is widespread in rural and urban areas. …
According to the Afghan government’s estimates, 42 percent of the Afghanistan’s total population lives below the poverty line.
The child mortality rate is particularly high in Afghanistan and, according to international records, life expectancy at birth is considered to be the lowest.
Statistics show that 35% of newborns are underweight. Even today, 87% of deliveries take place in the pregnant mother’s home and usually with no proper medical assistance.
This is so because in the highly patriarchial Afghan society women do not often get permission to leave their home, even to go to the hospital. Therefore, 1 woman out of 8 dies during delivery.
A very limited number of hospitals exist in Afghanistan. Sometimes, one would have to travel across hundreds of kilometers to reach one of these hospitals.
Furthermore, the medical officers lack proper training and appropriate equipment.
In Afghanistan, around 20% of children are expected to work in order to provide for themselves and for their family.
Street vendors, water carriers, cardboard collectors, shoe polishers, taxi solicitors, domestic servants, assistants in boutiques, are the kind of odd jobs done by Afghan children.
The child plays an important economic role in the Afghan family structure, mainly because the little money earned by their parents is hardly enough to feed the hungry mouths in the family.
Additionally, due to cultural practices, Afghan mothers rarely choose to seek employment outside their homes. In this situation,
the family relies upon the economic contribution of the child, even if it means the child is left begging on the streets.
Today, only around 60% of Afghan children are sent to school and only 28% of the adult population is literate. In addition, the education system is lacking infrastructure.
In Kabul the number of students in some classes rises up to 60.
Afghanistan also holds the saddening record of being the country which has the highest number of attacks aimed at schools, at girls schools in particular.
In Afghanistan, an orphan is defined as a child without a father.
By that grouping, there are an estimated quarter of a million orphans in the country.
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